Posts tagged calculus ii
Surface area of revolution around the x-axis and y-axis

We can use integrals to find the surface area of the three-dimensional figure that’s created when we take a function and rotate it around an axis and over a certain interval. The formulas we use to find surface area of revolution are different depending on the form of the original function and the axis of rotation.

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U-substitution to solve definite integrals

U-substitution in definite integrals is just like substitution in indefinite integrals except that, since the variable is changed, the limits of integration must be changed as well. If you don’t change the limits of integration, then you’ll need to back-substitute for the original variable at the end.

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Polar coordinates vs. rectangular coordinates

Any point in the coordinate plane can be expressed in both rectangular coordinates and polar coordinates. Instead of moving out from the origin using horizontal and vertical lines, like we would with rectangular coordinates, in polar coordinates we instead pick the angle, which is the direction, and then move out from the origin a certain distance.

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Theorem of Pappus to find volume using the centroid

The Theorem of Pappus tells us that the volume of a three-dimensional solid object that’s created by rotating a two-dimensional shape around an axis is given by V=Ad. V is the volume of the three-dimensional object, A is the area of the two-dimensional figure being revolved, and d is the distance traveled by the centroid of the two-dimensional figure.

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Geometric series test to figure out convergence

Before we can learn how to determine the convergence or divergence of a geometric series, we have to define a geometric series. Once you determine that you’re working with a geometric series, you can use the geometric series test to determine the convergence or divergence of the series.

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Finding the work required to empty a tank

To find the work required to empty a tank, first divide the tank into an infinite number of slices, then calculate the work required to remove a single slice of substance from the tank, then develop an equation to solve for the work needed to empty the entire tank, based on the work that was required to remove the single slice.

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Sum of the maclaurin series

One convenient way to find the sum of the Maclaurin series is to start with a well-known Maclaurin series and then manipulate it one step at a time until it matches the series you’ve been given. Because you’ll be manipulating the expression of the sum at the same time, once you get the series to match, you’ll automatically have the sum.

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