# Distributive property and binomial multiplication

### Algebra 1

The distributive property can be used even when there are two sets of parentheses with two terms each. It’s called binomial multiplication (remember that a bicycle has two wheels and a binomial has two terms).

Binomial Multiplication:

???(a+b)(c+d)=ac+ad+bc+bd???

???(a-b)(c-d)=ac-ad-bc+bd???

Notice that ???a??? is multiplied by both terms in the second set of parentheses and then ???b??? is multiplied by both terms in the second set of parentheses.

We can also make a chart in which the terms ???a??? and ???b??? from the first set of parentheses go across the top, and the terms ???c??? and ???d??? from the second set of parentheses go along the left side. Then we multiply each row by each column to get a result. The four results all get added together to make the expanded polynomial.

When we add all the results in the chart together, we get

???ac+bc+ad+bd???

When we have negative signs in the binomials, we keep the negative sign with the term that follows it, and our chart looks like

When we add all the results in the chart together, we get

???ac-bc-ad+bd???

These charts are another way to keep track of the different multiplications that happen during binomial multiplication.

Example

Use the distributive property to expand the expression.

???5(x-2)(x+3)???

Start by distributing the ???5??? across ???x-2???.

???[5(x)-5(2)](x+3)???

???(5x-10)(x+3)???

Now distribute both of the terms in the first set of parentheses across both of the terms in the second set of parentheses. You may use a chart to help organize your work.

When we add all the results in the chart together, we get

???5x^2+15x-10x-30???

Combine like terms ???15x-10x???.

???5x^2+5x-30???

The distributive property can be used even when there are two sets of parentheses with two terms each. It’s called binomial multiplication

Let’s try another example of binomial multiplication.

Example

Use the distributive property to expand the expression.

???3x(x+4)(x+1)(x-2)???

Start by distributing the ???3x??? across ???x+4???.

???(3x^2+12x)(x+1)(x-2)???

Now distribute ???3x^2+12x??? across ???x+1???. You may use a chart to help organize your work.

When we add all the results in the chart together, we get

???3x^3+3x^2+12x^2+12x???

Combine like terms ???3x^2+12x^2???.

???3x^3+15x^2+12x???

Then distribute ???3x^3+15x^2+12x??? across ???x-2???. You may use a chart to help organize your work.

When we add all the results in the chart together, we get

???3x^4+15x^3+12x^2-6x^3-30x^2-24x???

Combine like terms ???15x^3-6x^3??? and ???12x^2-30x^2???.

???3x^4+9x^3-18x^2-24x???